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Eudocia 1067
Romanus IV 1068 — 1071
Eudocia Becomes Ruler of The Empire, With Her Sons Michael And Constantine
When the empress Eudocia, in accordance with the wishes of her husband, succeeded him as supreme ruler, she did not hand over the government to others. Far from choosing to spend most of her life In idleness at home, while the magistrates had charge of public affairs, she assumed control of the whole administration in person.

At first she behaved modestly enough: neither in the imperial processions nor in her own clothing was there any mark of extravagance. She made herself conversant with all her duties, and wherever it was practicable, she took part in all the processes of government, the choice of magistrates, civil affairs, revenues and taxes. Her pronouncements had the note of authority which one associates with an emperor. Nor was this surprising, for she was in fact an exceedingly clever woman. On either side of her were her two sons, both of whom stood almost rooted to the spot, quite overcome with awe and reverence for their mother.

Eudocia 1067 – That Constantine should respect her, being a child and still incapable of understanding the affairs of state, will cause no surprise, and I cannot bring myself to praise him for a modesty that was natural, but Michael’s case is different. He was already long past his boyhood and able to think for himself. His intellectual powers were fully developed, had been frequently put to the test.

It is no easy matter, therefore, to find a parallel to his obedient attitude, or to the way he left the whole administration to his mother. I find it altogether impassible to praise the young man enough for this. On several occasions I have seen him myself, when he could have spoken in his mother’s presence, keep silent, as if speech were beyond him, and though he had the ability to undertake any task you like to name, he took no part in matters concerned with the Empire.

Eudocia 1067 part 21

It would be superfluous to praise the empress because of her family, although its wealth and antiquity cannot fail to confer lustre on the highest offices: her own pre-eminence, not only in virtue, but...

Eudocia 1067 part 35

289. Constantine, betrothed to Helena the daughter of Robert Guiscard, but later to Anna Comnena. He probably died before she was of marriageable age.290. Sophocles, Ajax, 293.291. Cf. note 289.292. Sophocles, Ajax, 551.293. Andronicus...

Eudocia 1067 part 34

280. This Crispinus had joined Romanus on his first campaign. Previously he had been in Italy. As he was not treated with the consideration which he thought was his due, he revolted (Easter, 1069)...

Eudocia 1067 part 33

261. The leaders of the peace party were Psellus himself, Nicephorus Palaeologus and John Ducas.262. Spring 1069. This campaign was indecisive, though the enemy took Iconium.263. The probable reason is that Romanus dared not...

Eudocia 1067 part 32

This eunuch suggested to the Patriarch that his brother Bardas should marry the empress. Xiphilinus, flattered by this proposal, consulted the Senate, but did not press his brother’s claims (Bardas was quite unsuitable for...

Eudocia 1067 part 31

234. The City Prefect and several nobles were implicated in a plot to kill the emperor on St. George’s Day (1060), but they were only punished by the confiscation of all their property (Scylitzes...

Eudocia 1067 part 30

212. The Patzinaks crossed the Danube (Ister) it 1059. The Hungarians also threatened the Romans but peace was arranged with them. The campaign against the Patzinaks was almost brought to a successful conclusion, but...

Eudocia 1067 part 29

200. Cf. Scylitzes (813, p. 650): ‘(Isaac) was a man of fixed habits, fair-minded, sharp-witted, strong, intelligent, a great leader in war, a terror to his foes, kindly to his friends.’201. Xenocrates of Chalcedon,...

Eudocia 1067 part 28

176. The Battle of Hades, not far from Nicaea, on 20 August 1057. Cedrenus describes this engagement in some detail (801-2).177. Theodorus Alopus, a senator.178. Constantine Lichudes.179. He later succeeded Cerularius as Patriarch and...

Eudocia 1067 part 27

166. The Comneni came originally from Comne, near Hadrianople, and had estates in the Castamon district of Asia Minor. They were destined to play a preeminent role in Byzantium during the next hundred years....

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